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Sociology of world relations: Confronting the complexities of Hindu Religions A perspective beyond Max Weber


Martin Fuchs

The paper takes up core concepts developed by Max Weber in his comparative studies of world religions and civilizations, namely those of ‘relationship to the world’ (attitudes and stances towards the world), and ‘worldview’. The paper discusses the potentialities and limitations of Weber’s approach, and the hermeneutics involved, taking the interpretation of Indian bhakti as a case of illustration. Against this background finally the paper proposes to reframe the concept of world relations as a core sociological concept and argues for a new strategy of how to understand the dynamics and complexities of religions in India.


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